CERN: Press release en CERN Council appoints Fabiola Gianotti for second term of office as CERN Director General <span>CERN Council appoints Fabiola Gianotti for second term of office as CERN Director General</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/145" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">melissa</span></span> <span>Wed, 11/06/2019 - 12:28</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-list-cds field--type-cerncdsmedia field--label-hidden field--item"><figure class="cds-image" data-record-id="2704198" data-filename="201912-419_02" id="CERN-PHOTO-201912-419-2"> <a href="//" title="View on CDS"> <img alt="Signature - Letter of appointment" src="//"/> </a> <figcaption> Signature of the letter of appointment by Fabiola Gianotti in company of Ursula Bassler, President of the CERN Council <span> (Image: CERN)</span> </figcaption> </figure></div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><em><strong>UPDATE</strong> on 13 December 2019: At its 196th Session, on 12 December, the CERN Council unanimously decided to appoint Fabiola Gianotti as Director-General of CERN for a second term of office of five years, with effect from 1 January 2021.</em></p> <hr /><p>Geneva, 6 November 2019. At its 195th Session today, the <a href="">CERN Council</a> selected Fabiola Gianotti, as the Organization’s next Director-General, for her second term of office. The appointment will be formalised at the December Session of the Council, and Gianotti’s new five-year term of office will begin on 1 January 2021. This is the first time in CERN’s history that a Director-General has been appointed for a full second term.</p> <p>"I congratulate Fabiola Gianotti very warmly for her reappointment as Director-General for another five-year term of office. With her at the helm, CERN will continue to benefit from her strong leadership and experience, especially for important upcoming projects such as the <a href="">High-Luminosity LHC</a>, implementation of the European Strategy for Particle Physics, and the construction of the Science Gateway,” said President of the CERN Council, Ursula Bassler.  “During her first term, she excelled in leading our diverse and international scientific organisation, becoming a role model, especially for women in science”.</p> <p>"I am deeply grateful to the CERN Council for their renewed trust. It is a great privilege and a huge responsibility,” said CERN Director-General, Fabiola Gianotti. “The following years will be crucial for laying the foundations of CERN’s future projects and I am honoured to have the opportunity to work with the CERN Member States, Associate Member States, other international partners and the worldwide particle physics community.”</p> <p>Gianotti has been CERN’s Director-General since 1 January 2016. She received her Ph.D. in experimental particle physics from the University of Milano in 1989 and has been a research physicist at CERN since 1994. She was the leader of the ATLAS experiment’s collaboration from March 2009 to February 2013, including the period in which the LHC experiments ATLAS and CMS announced the discovery of the <a href="">Higgs boson</a>. The discovery was recognised in 2013 with the Nobel Prize in Physics being awarded to theorists François Englert and Peter Higgs. Gianotti is a member of many international committees, and has received numerous prestigious awards. She was the first woman to become the Director-General of CERN.</p> <p><br /><strong>FOR MORE INFORMATION</strong></p> <p>A Press Briefing will be held at CERN this afternoon at 18:00, with Dr. Gianotti and the President of the CERN Council, Ursula Bassler. The Press Briefing will also be available via video conference. Journalists interested in participating are invited to register by sending an email to <a href=""></a></p> <p><a class="bulletin" href="">Fabiola Gianotti's biography</a></p> <p>More photos <a class="bulletin" href="">here</a> and <a class="bulletin" href="">here</a></p> </div> Wed, 06 Nov 2019 11:28:50 +0000 melissa 13337 at CERN Open Days: come and explore the future <span>CERN Open Days: come and explore the future</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/145" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">melissa</span></span> <span>Mon, 09/02/2019 - 11:50</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-list-cds field--type-cerncdsmedia field--label-hidden field--item"><figure class="cds-image" data-record-id="2679130" data-filename="OpenDays2019_OD_Logo_orange" id="CERN-HOMEWEB-PHO-2019-067-7"> <a href="//" title="View on CDS"> <img alt="Open Days 2019 logo" src="//"/> </a> <figcaption> Logo of the CERN Open Days 2019 <span> (Image: CERN)</span> </figcaption> </figure></div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>On Saturday, 14 and Sunday, 15 September, CERN will open its doors to the public. Taking advantage of the second long shutdown of the <a href="/science/accelerators/large-hadron-collider">Large Hadron Collider</a>, the Laboratory will be offering visitors of all ages the exceptional opportunity to visit its facilities, discover its groundbreaking technologies, have fun with physics and meet the people who work at the cutting edge of science and technology.</p> <p>Some 150 activities are planned across nine of the Laboratory’s sites. During the two days, you will have the chance to operate a mini accelerator, learn about the medical applications stemming from research at CERN, drive a crane, discover the gigantic detectors and interact with scientists and invited guests. Places will be limited for the underground visits to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and its experiments, but there are many other things to discover on the surface. The full list of activities is available on the <a href="">Open Days website</a>.</p> <p>The <a href="/science/accelerators">CERN accelerator complex</a> is currently in shutdown. Work is ongoing to improve the performance of the accelerators and detectors through several upgrades. This technical stop provides an opportunity to visit CERN’s underground facilities, along with many other areas that will be open to visitors for these two days only.</p> <p>“We look forward to welcoming our neighbours, as well as visitors from further afield, to the Open Days, where they will discover the fascinating research we do at CERN and the instruments we use. We are glad to have the opportunity to share with the public our passion for science and the impact of the technologies we develop. Visitors will be welcomed and guided  by scientists from all over the world and other CERN personnel,” says CERN’s Director-General, Fabiola Gianotti.</p> <p>To mark the beginning of this weekend of discovery, CERN’s Director-General will officially open the Laboratory’s doors at 8.30 a.m. on 14 September, at a ceremony attended by representatives of the local authorities.</p> <p>Between 30 000 and 40 000 visitors are expected each day. CERN strongly recommends using sustainable transport and all the sites will be accessible on foot or by bike. It will not be possible to drive onto or park on the visit sites. If you need to come by car, consider car-sharing. Car parks will be available near CERN and shuttles and bus services will take visitors to the visit sites. For people with disabilities, dedicated car parks and shuttles will be available.</p> <p><br /><strong>Practical information:</strong></p> <p>Register at <a href=""></a> and plan your visit using the Open Days app: <a href=""></a></p> <p>For safety reasons, the following roads will be closed to traffic on 14 and 15 September:</p> <ul><li>Route de l’Europe (France)</li> <li>Route de la Vie Chenaille in Echenevex (France), between the D984C and the corner of Route François Estier</li> <li>Route de Meyrin, between the Porte de France roundabout and Route du Mandement (France and Switzerland)</li> <li>Route de Meyrin in Ferney-Voltaire (France) and Avenue Auguste-François-Dubois (Switzerland) in the France-Switzerland direction.</li> </ul><p>The Open Days will take place from 9.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m.</p> <p>Journalists are invited to register for the event using the following link: <a href=""></a></p> <p><strong>Resources:</strong></p> <p>Open Days website: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Videos: <a href=""></a>; <a href=""></a>;<a href=""></a></p> <p>Press release of 19 June 2019: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Photos from previous Open Days: <a href=""></a></p> </div> Mon, 02 Sep 2019 09:50:08 +0000 melissa 11972 at LHC experiments present new Higgs results at 2019 EPS-HEP conference <span>LHC experiments present new Higgs results at 2019 EPS-HEP conference</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/34" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">achintya</span></span> <span>Mon, 07/15/2019 - 15:18</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-list-cds field--type-cerncdsmedia field--label-hidden field--item"><figure class="cds-image" data-record-id="2682792" data-filename="eps-hep-2019" id="CERN-HOMEWEB-PHO-2019-083-1"> <a href="//" title="View on CDS"> <img alt="Combined image showing Higgs candidates from ATLAS (left) and CMS (right)" src="//"/> </a> <figcaption> <span> (Image: CERN)</span> </figcaption> </figure></div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>At the <a href="">2019 European Physical Society’s High-Energy Physics conference (EPS-HEP)</a> taking place in Ghent, Belgium, the <a href="/science/experiments/atlas">ATLAS</a> and <a href="/science/experiments/cms">CMS</a> collaborations presented a suite of new results. These include several analyses using the full dataset from the second run of CERN’s <a href="/science/accelerators/large-hadron-collider">Large Hadron Collider (LHC)</a>, recorded at a collision energy of 13 TeV between 2015 and 2018. Among the highlights are the latest precision measurements involving the <a href="/science/physics/higgs-boson">Higgs boson</a>. In only seven years since its discovery, scientists have carefully studied several of the properties of this unique particle, which is increasingly becoming a powerful tool in the search for new physics.</p> <p>The results include new searches for transformations (or “decays”) of the Higgs boson into pairs of muons and into pairs of charm quarks. Both ATLAS and CMS also measured previously unexplored properties of decays of the Higgs boson that involve electroweak bosons (the <a href="/science/physics/w-boson-sunshine-and-stardust">W</a>, the <a href="/science/physics/z-boson">Z</a> and the photon) and compared these with the predictions of the <a href="/science/physics/standard-model">Standard Model (SM) of particle physics</a>. ATLAS and CMS will continue these studies over the course of the LHC’s Run 3 (2021 to 2023) and in the era of the <a href="/science/accelerators/high-luminosity-lhc">High-Luminosity LHC</a> (from 2026 onwards).</p> <p>The Higgs boson is the quantum manifestation of the all-pervading Higgs field, which gives mass to elementary particles it interacts with, via the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism. Scientists look for such interactions between the Higgs boson and elementary particles, either by studying specific decays of the Higgs boson or by searching for instances where the Higgs boson is produced along with other particles. The Higgs boson decays almost instantly after being produced in the LHC and it is by looking through its decay products that scientists can probe its behaviour.</p> <p>In the LHC’s Run 1 (2010 to 2012), decays of the Higgs boson involving pairs of electroweak bosons were observed. Now, the complete Run 2 dataset – around 140 inverse femtobarns each, the equivalent of over 10 000 trillion collisions – provides a much larger sample of Higgs bosons to study, allowing measurements of the particle’s properties to be made with unprecedented precision. ATLAS and CMS have measured the so-called “differential cross-sections” of the bosonic decay processes, which look at not just the production rate of Higgs bosons but also the distribution and orientation of the decay products relative to the colliding proton beams. These measurements provide insight into the underlying mechanism that produces the Higgs bosons. Both collaborations determined that the observed rates and distributions are compatible with those predicted by the Standard Model, at the current rate of statistical uncertainty.</p> <figure class="cds-image" id="ATLAS-PHOTO-2019-026-3"><a href="//" title="View on CDS"><img alt="Higgs Candidates,Proton Collisions,Event Displays,Physics,ATLAS" src="//" /></a> <figcaption>An event recorded by ATLAS showing a candidate for a Higgs boson produced in association with two top quarks. The Higgs boson decays to four muons (red tracks). There is an additional electron (green track) and four particle jets (yellow cones)<span> (<a href="">Image: ATLAS/CERN</a>)</span></figcaption></figure><p>Since the strength of the Higgs boson’s interaction is proportional to the mass of elementary particles, it interacts most strongly with the heaviest generation of fermions, the third. Previously, ATLAS and CMS had each observed these interactions. However, interactions with the lighter second-generation fermions – muons, charm quarks and strange quarks – are considerably rarer. At EPS-HEP, both collaborations reported on their searches for the elusive second-generation interactions.</p> <p>ATLAS presented their first result from searches for Higgs bosons decaying to pairs of muons (H→μμ) with the full Run 2 dataset. This search is complicated by the large background of more typical SM processes that produce pairs of muons. “This result shows that we are now close to the sensitivity required to test the Standard Model’s predictions for this very rare decay of the Higgs boson,” says Karl Jakobs, the ATLAS spokesperson. “However, a definitive statement on the second generation will require the larger datasets that will be provided by the LHC in Run 3 and by the High-Luminosity LHC.”</p> <p>CMS presented their first result on searches for decays of Higgs bosons to pairs of charm quarks (H→cc). When a Higgs boson decays into quarks, these elementary particles immediately produce jets of particles. “Identifying jets formed by charm quarks and isolating them from other types of jets is a huge challenge,” says Roberto Carlin, spokesperson for CMS. “We’re very happy to have shown that we can tackle this difficult decay channel. We have developed novel machine-learning techniques to help with this task.”</p> <figure class="cds-image" id="CMS-PHO-EVENTS-2019-002-6"><a href="//" title="View on CDS"><img alt="Real Events,For Press" src="//" /></a> <figcaption>An event recorded by CMS showing a candidate for a Higgs boson produced in association with two top quarks. The Higgs boson and top quarks decay leading to a final state with seven jets (orange cones), an electron (green line), a muon (red line) and missing transverse energy (pink line) <span> (<a href="">Image: CMS/CERN</a>)</span></figcaption></figure><p>The Higgs boson also acts as a mediator of physics processes in which electroweak bosons scatter or bounce off each other. Studies of these processes with very high statistics serve as powerful tests of the Standard Model. ATLAS presented the first-ever measurement of the scattering of two Z bosons. Observing this scattering completes the picture for the W and Z bosons as ATLAS has previously observed the WZ scattering process and both collaborations the WW process. CMS presented the first observation of electroweak-boson scattering that results in the production of a Z boson and a photon.</p> <p>“The experiments are making big strides in the monumental task of understanding the Higgs boson,” says Eckhard Elsen, CERN’s Director of Research and Computing. “After observation of its coupling to the third-generation fermions, the experiments have now shown that they have the tools at hand to address the even more challenging second generation. The LHC’s precision physics programme is in full swing.”</p> <hr /><p>ATLAS:<br /> - Summary of 2019 EPS-HEP results: <a class="uri" href=""></a><br /> - Physics briefings on 2019 EPS-HEP results: <a class="uri" href=""></a><br /> - Physics publications: <a class="uri" href=""></a></p> <p>CMS:<br /> - Summary of 2019 EPS-HEP results: <a class="uri" href=""></a><br /> - Physics briefings on 2019 EPS-HEP results: <a class="uri" href=""></a><br /> - Physics publications: <a class="uri" href=""></a></p> </div> Mon, 15 Jul 2019 13:18:24 +0000 achintya 11571 at Dutch and US students win 2019 CERN Beamline for Schools competition <span>Dutch and US students win 2019 CERN Beamline for Schools competition </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/199" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">abha</span></span> <span>Mon, 06/24/2019 - 12:32</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-listing-img field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/" width="2000" height="860" alt="2019 CERN Beamline for Schools winners (From left) Team from the West High School in Salt Lake City, USA (Image: Kara Budge). Team from the Praedinius Gymnasium in Groningen, Netherlands (Image: Martin Mug)." typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-caption field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">The 2019 CERN Beamline for Schools winners: (from left) Team from the West High School in Salt Lake City, USA (Image: Kara Budge) and team from the Praedinius Gymnasium in Groningen, Netherlands (Image: Martin Mug).</div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Geneva and Hamburg: Two teams of high-school students, one from the <a href="">Praedinius Gymnasium</a> in Groningen, Netherlands, and one from the <a href="">West High School</a> in Salt Lake City, USA, have won the 2019 <a href="">Beamline for Schools competition</a> (BL4S). In October, these teams will be invited to the <a href="">DESY</a><sup>1 </sup>research centre in Hamburg, Germany, to carry out their proposed experiments together with scientists from CERN and DESY.</p> <p>Beamline for Schools is a unique international competition that is open to high-school students all over the world. The students are invited to submit a proposal for an experiment that uses a beamline. Beamlines deliver a stream of subatomic particles to any given set-up, making it possible to study a broad variety of properties and processes in various scientific disciplines. They are operated at laboratories such as CERN and DESY.</p> <p>Since Beamline for Schools was launched in 2014 almost 10,000 students from 84 countries have participated. This year, 178 teams from 49 countries worldwide submitted a proposal for the sixth edition of the competition.</p> <p>Due to the second Long Shutdown of CERN’s accelerators for maintenance and upgrade, there is currently no beam at CERN, which has opened up opportunities to explore partnerships with other laboratories, namely DESY.</p> <p>“It is a great honour for us to host the finals of this year’s Beamline for Schools competition at DESY,” said Helmut Dosch, Chairman of the DESY Board of Directors. “We are really looking forward to meeting the extraordinary students who made it through with their proposals and we wish them a successful and rewarding time at the lab. We at DESY are committed to fostering the next generation of scientists, which CERN’s Beamline for Schools project does brilliantly.”</p> <p> “We are all very excited to welcome this year’s winners to DESY. This is a new chapter in the history of this competition because, for the first time, we are taking the finals of the competition to another research laboratory. As always, the more then 60 voluntary experts from CERN and DESY evaluated all the proposals for their creativity, motivation, proposed methodology, feasibility and their overall ability to explore some of the concepts of modern particle physics” said Sarah Aretz, BL4S project manager.</p> <p>The two winning teams of 2019 will look at fundamental differences between matter and antimatter. When electrons at high energies collide with a target, such as a piece of graphite, some of their energy gets transferred into photons. These photons can, in turn, transform into other particles. Eventually, a shower of particles at lower energy will develop. The team “Particle Peers” from the Praedinius Gymnasium, Groningen, Netherlands has proposed to compare the properties of the particle showers originating from electrons with those created from positrons, the antimatter partner of the electron.</p> <p>"​I couldn't stop smiling when I heard the news that we’d won. It's unbelievable that we’ll get the opportunity to conduct our experiment with amazing scientists and meet new students who are just as enthusiastic about physics as I am," said Frederiek de Bruine from the “Particle Peers” team.</p> <p>The “DESY Chain” team from the West High School, Salt Lake City, USA, focuses on the properties of scintillators in its proposal. These are materials that are used for particle detection. The students aim to study the performance of these scintillators and compare their sensitivity to electrons and positrons. This may lead to more efficient particle detectors for a wide range of applications.</p> <p>“I’m so excited by the prospect of working at DESY this autumn, it’s such a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. I’m proud to be a part of the first USA team to win the BL4S competition, especially because it provides access to equipment and systems I would otherwise never have dreamt of even seeing,” said August Muller from the “DESY Chain” team.</p> <p>The shortlist consisted of 20 teams, ten of which received a special mention. This is the second time that a Dutch team has won the competition. Previous winners came from schools in the Netherlands, Greece, Italy (twice), South Africa, Poland, the United Kingdom, Canada, India and the Philippines.</p> <p>Beamline for Schools is an <a href="">Education and Outreach project</a> funded by the CERN &amp; Society Foundation and supported by individual donors, foundations and companies. For 2019, the project is partially funded by the Wilhelm and Else Heraeus Foundation; additional contributions have been received from the Motorola Solutions Foundation, Amgen Switzerland AG and the Ernest Solvay Fund, which is managed by the King Baudouin Foundation.</p> <p><strong>Shortlist drawn up by CERN and DESY experts:</strong></p> <p>A Light in the Darkness (USA)</p> <p>Centaurus Warriors (USA)</p> <p>Cosmic Conquerors (Thailand)</p> <p>DESY Chain (USA)</p> <p>DESYners (USA)</p> <p>JT/High Pawns (Pakistan)</p> <p>Jubarte Team (Brazil)</p> <p>Leftover Leptons (India)</p> <p>Magic Doubly Magic Nuclei (Poland)</p> <p>My Little Positron(Australia)</p> <p>Particle peers (The Netherlands)</p> <p>Raiders of the Lost Quark (UAE)</p> <p>RAM FAM (Australia)</p> <p>Salvo Krevas (Malaysia)</p> <p>Team John Monash Science School (Australia)</p> <p>The Baryonic Six (Sweden)</p> <p>The Lumineers (Pakistan)</p> <p>The Weak Force (South Africa)</p> <p>Unstoppable SPAS (China)</p> <p>Young Researchers (Ukraine)</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Special Mentions:</strong></p> <p>Antimatter Tracker (Argentina)</p> <p>Cherenkoviously Brilliant (UK)</p> <p>EthioCosmos (Ethiopia)</p> <p>Kics Team (Sudan)</p> <p>Kleine Wissenschaftler (Iran)</p> <p>Observers of the microcosm (Ukraine)</p> <p>Quantum Minds (Mexico)</p> <p>SolarBeam (Thailand)</p> <p>Team Pentaquark (Bangladesh)</p> <p>YKS_Young Kurdish Scientists (Iran)</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Further information</strong></p> <p>Video from the team “Particle peers”, Praedinius Gymnasium in Groningen (<a href=""></a>), Netherlands: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Video from the team “DESY Chain”, West High School in Salt Lake City  (<a href=""></a>), US: <a href=""></a></p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p><a href=""> /2019/04/evaluation-sixth-beamline-schools-competition-finally-starts</a></p> <p>Previous winners: <a href="">http://beamlineforschools. cern/bl4s-winners</a></p> <p> </p> <p>1. DESY is one of the world’s leading particle accelerator centres. Researchers use the large‐scale facilities at DESY to explore the microcosm in all its variety – ranging from the interaction of tiny elementary particles to the behaviour of innovative nanomaterials, the vital processes that take place between biomolecules and the great mysteries of the universe. The accelerators and detectors that DESY develops and builds at its locations in Hamburg and Zeuthen are unique research tools. DESY is a member of the Helmholtz Association, and receives its funding from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) (90 per cent) and the German federal states of Hamburg and Brandenburg (10 per cent).</p> </div> Mon, 24 Jun 2019 10:32:09 +0000 abha 11241 at CERN invites the public to explore the future at its Open Days <span>CERN invites the public to explore the future at its Open Days</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/145" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">melissa</span></span> <span>Wed, 06/19/2019 - 10:15</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-list-cds field--type-cerncdsmedia field--label-hidden field--item"><figure class="cds-image" data-record-id="2679130" data-filename="OpenDays2019_OD_Logo_orange" id="CERN-HOMEWEB-PHO-2019-067-7"> <a href="//" title="View on CDS"> <img alt="Open Days 2019 logo" src="//"/> </a> <figcaption> Logo of the CERN Open Days 2019 <span> (Image: CERN)</span> </figcaption> </figure></div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>On 14 and 15 September, CERN will open its scientific facilities to the public from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Under the banner “Explore the future with us”, everyone is invited to come along to the Open Days to live the CERN experience and meet the men and women working on the technologies and discoveries of today and tomorrow.</p> <p>As always during the Open Days, the underground experiments and machines will, exceptionally, be accessible to the public. The weekend will be an unmissable opportunity to discuss, explore and have fun with science. The laboratories, workshops and control rooms on the surface will also be open. From theatre performances to proton football and chats over coffee with physicists, the event has the perfect mix of ingredients to take visitors of all ages into the very heart of one of the largest physics laboratories in the world.</p> <p>Entrance to the nine visit sites will be free and open to everyone. There will be plenty for all age groups to enjoy, with physics shows, demonstrations by firefighters and worksite machinery operators, face-to-face encounters with the LHC robots and escape games on offer to keep the youngest visitors enthralled. The list of activities is available on the <span class="MsoHyperlink" style="color:blue"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><a href="" style="color:blue; text-decoration:underline">Open Days website.</a></span></span></p> <p>“Education and introducing younger generations to science are key to meeting the challenges of the future,” says CERN’s Director-General, Fabiola Gianotti. “The Open Days are an opportunity to spark new passions, but also to introduce experts and novices of all ages to our machines, the technologies we use and their applications in our daily lives.”<i></i></p> <p>The 2019 Open Days will take place during the second long shutdown of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), providing a unique opportunity to discover the major upgrade work that is currently being carried out at CERN in preparation for the LHC restart in 2021. This work aims to improve the LHC’s performance and prepare for the arrival of the High-Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC), which is planned for 2026. During the Open Days, physicists, engineers and technicians will explain all the ins and outs of their work and help visitors to discover the future of particle physics.</p> <p>Some visit itineraries will carry age restrictions: the underground installations will be accessible only to people over 12 years of age. To ensure that as many people as possible have the chance to explore the underground installations, the number of underground visits per person will be limited to two each day.</p> <p>Registration will be open from 26 June onwards on the <span class="MsoHyperlink" style="color:blue"><span style="text-decoration:underline"><a href="" style="color:blue; text-decoration:underline">Open Days</a></span></span> website. Visitors will also be able to access all the information they need to create their own itinerary and make the most of a unique and unforgettable experience. It is strongly recommended to register online in order to guarantee your place.<i></i></p> <p>The Route de l’Europe and part of the Route de Meyrin will be closed to traffic on both days: visitors are therefore strongly recommended to use public and sustainable transport. Additional buses and trams will run, and a free shuttle service will take visitors to and from the nine visit sites, which are spread out over a large area. Free car parks will be available for motorised vehicles and bicycles. All the necessary measures will be taken to ensure that visitors can enjoy their visit in complete safety. The event will be accessible to people with reduced mobility.</p> <p>To facilitate access, journalists wishing to participate in the event are invited to register in advance: <a href=""></a> .</p> <p><b>Resources:</b></p> <p><a href="">2019 trailer</a></p> <p><a href="">2013 Open Days images</a></p> <p><a href=";p=year%3A2008+%28title%3A%27open+days%27+or+subject%3A%22Open+Days%22%29&amp;action_search=Search&amp;op1=a&amp;m1=a&amp;p1=&amp;f1=&amp;c=Photos&amp;sf=&amp;so=d&amp;rm=&amp;rg=10&amp;sc=0&amp;of=hb">2008 Open Days images</a></p> <p><a href="">Open Days website</a></p> <p><strong>Contact details:</strong></p> <p><u><span lang="EN-GB" style="color:#1155cc" xml:lang="EN-GB"><a href="" style="color:blue; text-decoration:underline"><span style="color:#1155cc"></span></a></span></u></p> <p><u><span lang="EN-GB" style="color:#1155cc" xml:lang="EN-GB"><a href="" style="color:blue; text-decoration:underline"><span style="color:#1155cc"></span></a></span></u></p> </div> Wed, 19 Jun 2019 08:15:01 +0000 melissa 11178 at In Granada, the European particle physics community prepares decisions for the future of the field <span>In Granada, the European particle physics community prepares decisions for the future of the field</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/199" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">abha</span></span> <span>Mon, 05/13/2019 - 09:48</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-listing-img field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/" width="1047" height="679" alt="Image for European Strategy for Particle Physics" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-caption field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">(Image: CERN)</div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Geneva and Granada. The European particle physics community is meeting this week in Granada, Spain, to discuss the roadmap for the future of the discipline. The aim of the symposium is to define scientific priorities and technological approaches for the coming years and to consider plans for the medium- and long-term future. An important focus of the discussions will be assessing the various options for the period beyond the lifespan of the Large Hadron Collider.</p> <p>“The Granada symposium is an important step in the process of updating the <a href="">European Strategy for Particle Physics</a>¹ and aims to prioritise our scientific goals and prepare for the upcoming generation of facilities and experiments,” said the President of the CERN Council, Ursula Bassler. “The discussions will focus on the scientific reach of potential new projects, the associated technological challenges and the resources required.”</p> <p>The European Strategy Group, which was established to coordinate the update process, has received 160 contributions from the scientific community setting out their views on possible future projects and experiments. The symposium in Granada will provide an opportunity to assess and discuss them.</p> <p>“The intent is to make sure that we have a good understanding of the science priorities of the community and of all the options for realising them,” said the Chair of the European Strategy Group, Professor Halina Abramowicz. “This will ensure that the European Strategy Group is well informed when deciding about the strategy update.”</p> <p>The previous update of the European Strategy, approved in May 2013, recommended that design and feasibility studies be conducted in order for Europe “to be in a position to propose an ambitious post-LHC accelerator project”. Over the last few years, in collaboration with partners from around the world, Europe has therefore been engaging in Research and Development and design projects for a range of ambitious post-LHC facilities under the <a href="">CLIC</a> and <a href="">FCC</a> umbrellas. A study to investigate the potential to build projects that are complementary to high-energy colliders, exploiting the opportunities offered by CERN’s unique accelerator complex, was also launched by CERN in 2016. These contributions will feed into the discussion, which will also take into account the worldwide particle physics landscape and developments in related fields.</p> <p>“At least two decades will be needed to design and build a new collider to succeed the LHC. Such a machine should maximise the potential for new discoveries and enable major steps forward in our understanding of fundamental physics,” said CERN Director-General, Fabiola Gianotti. “It is not too early to start planning for it as it will take time to develop the new technologies needed for its implementation.”</p> <p>The Granada symposium will be followed up with the compilation of a “briefing book” and with a Strategy Drafting Session, which will take place in Bad Honnef, Germany, from 20 to 24 January 2020. The update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics is due to be completed and approved by the CERN Council in May 2020.</p> <p>An online Question-and-Answer session will be held on Thursday, 16 May at 4 p.m. CEST</p> <p>Reporters interested in participating are invited to register by sending an e-mail to <a href=""></a></p> <p>More information:<br /><a href=""></a></p> <hr /><p>¹ The European Strategy for Particle Physics is the cornerstone of Europe’s decision-making process for the long-term future of the field. In accordance with the mandate set by the CERN Council, it is formed through broad consultation of the grass-roots particle physics community, actively solicits the opinions of physicists from around the world and is developed in close coordination with similar processes in the US and Japan in order to ensure coordination between regions and optimal use of global resources.</p> </div> Mon, 13 May 2019 07:48:07 +0000 abha 10849 at CERN unveils its Science Gateway project <span>CERN unveils its Science Gateway project</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/146" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">cmenard</span></span> <span>Mon, 04/08/2019 - 09:17</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-caption field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Artistic view of the Science Gateway. (Image: RPBW)</div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><a href="/about/who-we-are">CERN</a> is launching the <a href="">Science Gateway</a>, a new scientific education and outreach centre targeting the general public of all ages. The building will be designed by world-renowned architects, Renzo Piano Building Workshop. The project will be funded through external donations, with the leading contribution coming from FCA Foundation, a charitable foundation created by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Construction is planned to start in 2020 and to be completed in 2022.</p> <p>As part of its mission to educate and engage the public in science, and to <a href="/about/what-we-do/our-impact">share knowledge and technology with society</a>, CERN is launching the Science Gateway, a new facility for scientific education and outreach. The purpose of the project is to create a hub of scientific education and culture to inspire younger generations with the beauty of science. Aimed at engaging audiences of all ages, the Science Gateway will include inspirational exhibition spaces, laboratories for hands-on scientific experiments for children and students from primary to high-school level, and a large amphitheatre to host science events for experts and non-experts alike.</p> <p>With a footprint of 7000 square metres, the iconic Science Gateway building will offer a variety of spaces and activities, including exhibitions explaining the <a href="/science/physics">secrets of nature</a>, from the very small (elementary particles) to the very large (the structure and evolution of the universe). The exhibitions will also feature CERN’s <a href="/science/accelerators">accelerators</a>, <a href="/science/experiments">experiments</a> and <a href="/science/computing">computing</a>, how scientists use them in their exploration and how CERN technologies benefit society. Hands-on experimentation will be a key ingredient in the Science Gateway’s educational programme, allowing visitors to get first-hand experience of what it’s like to be a scientist. The immersive activities available in the Science Gateway will foster critical thinking, evidence-based assessment and use of the scientific method, important tools in all walks of life.</p> <p>“The Science Gateway will enable CERN to expand significantly its education and outreach offering for the general public, in particular the younger generations. We will be able to share with everybody the fascination of exploring and learning how matter and the universe work, the advanced technologies we need to develop in order to build our ambitious instruments and their impact on society, and how science can influence our daily life,” says CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti. “I am deeply grateful to the donors for their crucial support in the fulfilment of this beautiful project.”</p> <p>The overall cost of the Science Gateway is estimated at 79 million Swiss Francs, entirely funded through donations. As of today, 57 million Swiss Francs have been already secured, allowing construction to start on schedule, thanks in particular to a very generous contribution of 45 million Swiss Francs from the FCA Foundation, which will support the project as it advances through the construction phases.</p> <p>Other donors include a private foundation in Geneva and <em>Loterie Romande</em>, which distributes its profits to public utility projects in various areas including research, culture and social welfare. CERN is looking for additional donations in order to cover the full cost of the project.</p> <p>John Elkann, Chairman of FCA and the FCA Foundation, said: “The new Science Gateway will satisfy the curiosity of 300 000 visitors every year – including many researchers and students, but also children and their families – providing them with access to tools that will help them understand the world and improve their lives, whatever career paths they eventually choose. At FCA we’re delighted to be supporting this project as part of our social responsibility which also allows us to honour the memory of Sergio Marchionne: in an open and stimulating setting, it will teach us how we can work successfully together, even though we may have diverse cultures and perspectives, to discover the answers to today’s big questions and to those of tomorrow.”</p> <p>As part of the educational portfolio of the Science Gateway, CERN and FCA Foundation will develop a programme for schools, with the advice of Fondazione Agnelli. The main goal will be to transmit concepts of science and technology in an engaging way, in order to encourage students to pursue careers in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics).</p> <p>According to the approach of enquiry-based learning, students will be involved in hands-on educational modules and experiments in physics. Special kits will be delivered to classes, containing all necessary materials and instructions to run modules throughout the school year. As a follow-up, classes will be invited to take part in a contest, with the winners awarded a two- or three-day visit to the Science Gateway and CERN. There will be an initial period of experimentation, with a pilot programme in Italy focusing on junior high schools and involving up to 550 000 students. After the pilot, CERN plans to extend this initiative to all its <a href="/about/who-we-are/our-governance/member-states">Member States</a>.</p> <p>The Science Gateway will be hosted in a new, iconic building, designed by world-renowned architects Renzo Piano Building Workshop, on CERN’s Meyrin site adjacent to another of CERN’s iconic buildings, the <a href="">Globe of Science and Innovation</a>. The vision for the Science Gateway is inspired by the fragmentation and curiosity already intrinsic to the nature of the CERN site and buildings, so it is made up of multiple elements, embedded in a green forest and interconnected by a bridge spanning the main road leading to Geneva. “It’s a place where people will meet,” says Renzo Piano. “Kids, students, adults, teachers and scientists, everybody attracted by the exploration of the Universe, from the infinitely vast to the infinitely small. It is a bridge, in the metaphorical and real sense, and a building fed by the energy of the sun, nestling in the midst of a newly grown forest.”</p> <p>Also inspired by CERN’s unique facilities, such as the <a href="/science/accelerators/large-hadron-collider">Large Hadron Collider (LHC)</a>, the world’s largest particle accelerator, the architecture of the Science Gateway celebrates the inventiveness and creativity that characterise the world of research and engineering. Architectural elements such as tubes that seem to be suspended in space evoke the cutting-edge technology underpinning the most advanced research that is furthering our understanding of the origins of the universe.</p> <p>A bridge over the Route de Meyrin will dominate the <a href="/news/press-release/cern/esplanade-des-particules-cerns-new-official-address">brand-new Esplanade des Particules</a> and symbolise the inseparable link between science and society. Construction is planned to start in 2020 and be completed in 2022.</p> <p><strong>About FCA Foundation</strong><br /> The FCA Foundation, the charitable arm of FCA, supports charitable organizations and initiatives that help empower people, build strong, resilient communities and generate meaningful and measurable societal impacts particularly in the field of education.</p> <p><strong>About FCA</strong><br /> Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) is a global automaker that designs, engineers, manufactures and sells vehicles in a portfolio of brands including Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Dodge, Fiat, Fiat Professional, Jeep®, Lancia, Ram and Maserati. It also sells parts and services under the Mopar name and operates in the components and production systems sectors under the Comau and Teksid brands. FCA employs nearly 200 000 people around the globe. For more information regarding FCA, please visit <a href=""></a>.</p> <p><strong>About RPBW</strong><br /> The Renzo Piano Building Workshop (RPBW) was established in 1981 by Renzo Piano with offices in Genoa, Italy and Paris, France. The practice has since expanded and now also operates from New York.</p> <p>RPBW is led by ten partners, including founder and Pritzker Prize laureate, architect Renzo Piano. The practice permanently employs about 130 architects together with a further 30 support staff including 3D-visualisation artists, model makers, archivers, administrative and secretarial staff.<br /> RPBW has successfully undertaken and completed over 140 projects around the world.</p> <p>Currently, among the main projects in progress are: the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles; the École normale supérieure Paris-Saclay; and the GES 2 Center for the Arts in Moscow.</p> <p>Major projects already completed include: the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris; the Kanak Cultural Center in Nouméa, New Caledonia; the Beyeler Foundation Museum in Basel; the New York Times Building in New York; the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco; the Chicago Art Institute expansion in Chicago, Illinois; The Shard in London; Columbia University’s Manhattanville development project in New York City; the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York; the Valletta City Gate in Malta; the Stavros Niarchos Cultural Center in Athens; the New Paris Courthouse and others throughout the world.</p> <p>Exhibitions of Renzo Piano and RPBW’s works have been held in many cities worldwide, including at the Royal Academy of Arts in London in 2018.<br /> The Science Gateway involves Renzo Piano Building Workshop, architects, in collaboration with Brodbeck Roulet Architectes Associés (Geneva)<br /> Design team: A.Belvedere, L.Piazza (partner and associate in charge)<br /> Consultants: Arup / EDMS (structure); Transsolar (sustainability); SRG (MEP); Müller BBM (acoustics); Emmer Pfenninger (façades); Changement à vue (A/V, heater equipment); Arup (lighting); Charpente Concept (fire prevention); Atelier Descombes Rampini (landscaping)</p> <p><strong>About Fondazione Agnelli</strong><br /> The Fondazione Agnelli is an independent, non-profit research organisation in the fields of human and social sciences, established in 1966 and named after founder of Fiat, the Senator Giovanni Agnelli. Its mission is <em>“to further understanding of change in contemporary society in Italy and in Europe”.</em> Since 2008 the Fondazione’s focus is on education, as a powerful lever for an individual’s fulfilment, an important channel of social mobility, and a key factor for a country’s economic growth and social cohesiveness. It runs wide ranging studies to improve the Italian education system, works with schools to renew the teaching methodologies, and helps families in the school choice. <a href=""></a></p> </div> Mon, 08 Apr 2019 07:17:10 +0000 cmenard 10622 at Serbia joins CERN as its 23rd Member State <span>Serbia joins CERN as its 23rd Member State</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/199" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">abha</span></span> <span>Fri, 03/22/2019 - 17:14</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-list-cds field--type-cerncdsmedia field--label-hidden field--item"><figure class="cds-image" data-record-id="2638003" data-filename="201808-216_25" id="CERN-PHOTO-201809-216-47"> <a href="//" title="View on CDS"> <img alt="Her Excellency Ms Ana Brnabic Prime Minister Government of the Republic of Serbia" src="//"/> </a> <figcaption> Visit of Her Excellency Ms Ana Brnabic Prime Minister Government of the Republic of Serbia <span> (Image: CERN)</span> </figcaption> </figure></div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Today, CERN welcomes Serbia as its 23rd Member State, following receipt of formal notification from UNESCO that Serbia has acceded to the CERN Convention.</p> <p>“Investing in scientific research is important for the development of our economy and CERN is one of the most important scientific institutions today. I am immensely proud that Serbia has become a fully-fledged CERN Member State. This will bring new possibilities for our scientists and industry to work in cooperation with CERN and fellow CERN Member States,” said Ana Brnabić, Prime Minister of Serbia.</p> <p>“Serbia has a longstanding relationship with CERN, with the continuous involvement of Serbian scientists in CERN’s major experiments. I’m very happy to see that Serbia’s initiative to seek membership status of CERN has now converged and that we can welcome Serbia as a Member State,” said Ursula Bassler, President of the CERN Council.</p> <p>“It is a great pleasure to welcome Serbia as our 23rd Member State. The Serbian scientific community has made strong contributions to CERN’s projects for many years. Membership will strengthen the longstanding relationship between CERN and Serbia, creating opportunities for increased collaboration in scientific research, training, education, innovation and knowledge-sharing,” said Fabiola Gianotti, CERN Director-General.</p> <p>“As a CERN Member State, Serbia is poised to further the development of science and education as our scientists, researchers, institutes and industry will be able to participate on the world stage in important scientific and technological decision-making,” said Mladen Šarčević, the Serbian Minister of Education, Science and Technological Development.</p> <p>When Serbia was a part of Yugoslavia, which was one of the 12 founding Member States of CERN in 1954, Serbian physicists and engineers took part in some of CERN’s earliest projects, at the <a href="/science/accelerators/synchrocyclotron">SC</a>, <a href="/science/accelerators/proton-synchrotron">PS</a> and <a href="/science/accelerators/super-proton-synchrotron">SPS</a> facilities. In the 1980s and 1990s, physicists from Serbia worked on the <a href="/science/experiments/delphi">DELPHI</a> experiment at CERN’s <a href="/science/accelerators/large-electron-positron-collider">LEP</a> collider. In 2001, CERN and Serbia concluded an International Cooperation Agreement, leading to Serbia’s participation in the <a href="/science/experiments/atlas">ATLAS</a> and <a href="/science/experiments/cms">CMS</a> experiments at the <a href="/science/accelerators/large-hadron-collider">Large Hadron Collider</a>, in the <a href="">Worldwide LHC Computing Grid</a>, as well as in the <a href="/science/experiments/ace">ACE</a> and <a href="">NA61</a> experiments. Serbia’s main involvement with CERN today is in the ATLAS and CMS experiments, in the <a href="">ISOLDE</a> facility, which carries out research ranging from nuclear physics to astrophysics, and on design studies for future particle colliders – <a href="">FCC</a> and <a href="">CLIC</a> – both of which are potentially new flagship projects at CERN.</p> <p>As a CERN Member State, Serbia will have voting rights in the Council, CERN’s highest decision-making authority, and will contribute to the Organization’s budget. Membership will enhance the recruitment opportunities for Serbian nationals at CERN and for Serbian industry to bid for CERN contracts.</p></div> Fri, 22 Mar 2019 16:14:27 +0000 abha 10523 at LHCb sees a new flavour of matter–antimatter asymmetry <span>LHCb sees a new flavour of matter–antimatter asymmetry</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/145" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">melissa</span></span> <span>Wed, 03/20/2019 - 16:30</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-listing-img field--type-image field--label-hidden field--item"> <img src="/sites/" width="1440" height="1449" alt="Représentation d&#039;une particle et de sa réflexion" typeof="foaf:Image" class="img-responsive" /> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-caption field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">A CP-symmetry transformation swaps a particle with the mirror image of its antiparticle. The LHCb collaboration has observed a breakdown of this symmetry in the decays of the D0 meson (illustrated by the big sphere on the right) and its antimatter counterpart, the anti-D0 (big sphere on the left), into other particles (smaller spheres). The extent of the breakdown was deduced from the difference in the number of decays in each case (vertical bars, for illustration only) (Image: CERN)</div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The LHCb collaboration at CERN has seen, for the first time, the matter–antimatter asymmetry known as CP violation in a particle dubbed the D<sup>0</sup> meson. The finding, presented today at the annual <a href="">Rencontres de Moriond</a> conference and in a dedicated <a href="">CERN seminar</a>, is sure to make it into the textbooks of particle physics.</p> <p>“The result is a milestone in the history of particle physics. Ever since the discovery of the D meson more than 40 years ago, particle physicists have suspected that CP violation also occurs in this system, but it was only now, using essentially the full data sample collected by the experiment, that the LHCb collaboration has finally been able to observe the effect,” said CERN Director for Research and Computing, Eckhard Elsen.</p> <p>The term CP refers to the transformation that swaps a particle with the mirror image of its antiparticle. The weak interactions of the <a href="">Standard Model of particle physics </a>are known to induce a difference in the behaviour of some particles and of their CP counterparts, an asymmetry known as CP violation. The effect was first observed in the 1960s at Brookhaven Laboratory in the US in particles called neutral K mesons, which contain a “strange quark”, and, in 2001, experiments at the SLAC laboratory in the US and the KEK laboratory in Japan also observed the phenomenon in neutral B mesons, which contain a “bottom quark”. These findings led to the attribution of two Nobel prizes in physics, one in <a href="">1980</a> and another in <a href="">2008</a>.</p> <p>CP violation is an essential feature of our universe, necessary to induce the processes that, following the Big Bang, established the abundance of matter over <a href="">antimatter</a> that we observe in the present-day universe. The size of CP violation observed so far in Standard Model interactions, however, is too small to account for the present-day matter–antimatter imbalance, suggesting the existence of additional as-yet-unknown sources of CP violation.</p> <p>The D<sup>0</sup> meson is made of a charm quark and an up antiquark. So far, CP violation has only been observed in particles containing a strange or a bottom quark. These observations have confirmed the pattern of CP violation described in the Standard Model by the so-called Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) mixing matrix, which characterises how quarks of different types transform into each other via weak interactions. The deep origin of the CKM matrix, and the quest for additional sources and manifestations of CP violation, are among the big open questions of particle physics. The discovery of CP violation in the D<sup>0</sup> meson is the first evidence of this asymmetry for the charm quark, adding new elements to the exploration of these questions.</p> <p>To observe this CP asymmetry, the LHCb researchers used the full dataset delivered by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to the LHCb experiment between 2011 and 2018 to look for decays of the D<sup>0</sup> meson and its antiparticle, the anti-D<sup>0</sup>, into either kaons or pions. “Looking for these two decay products in our unprecedented sample of D<sup>0 </sup>particles gave us the required sensitivity to measure the tiny amount of CP violation expected for such decays. Measuring the extent of the violation then boiled down to counting the D<sup>0</sup> and anti-D<sup>0</sup> decays and taking the difference,” explained Giovanni Passaleva, spokesperson for the LHCb collaboration.</p> <p>The result has a statistical significance of 5.3 standard deviations, exceeding the threshold of 5 standard deviations used by particle physicists to claim a discovery. This measurement will stimulate renewed theoretical work to assess its impact on the CKM description of CP violation built into the Standard Model, and will open the window to the search for possible new sources of CP violation using charmed particles.</p> <p>Follow the <a href="">webcast of the CERN seminar</a> at 11.00 a.m. Geneva time.<br /> For more information, see the <a href="">LHCb website</a> and the <a class="bulletin" href="">paper</a> describing the results.</p> </div> Wed, 20 Mar 2019 15:30:58 +0000 melissa 10507 at Croatia to become an Associate Member of CERN <span>Croatia to become an Associate Member of CERN</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/199" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">abha</span></span> <span>Thu, 02/28/2019 - 13:59</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-caption field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Fabiola Gianotti, CERN Director-General, and Blaženka Divjak, Minister of Science and Education of the Republic of Croatia, signed an Agreement admitting Croatia as an Associate Member of CERN.</div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Zagreb. Today, the Director-General of CERN<sup>1</sup>, Fabiola Gianotti, and the Minister of Science and Education of the Republic of Croatia, Blaženka Divjak, in the presence of Croatian Prime Minister Andrej Plenković, signed an Agreement admitting Croatia as an Associate Member of CERN. The status will come into effect on the date the Director-General receives Croatia’s notification that it has completed its internal approval procedures in respect of the Agreement.<br /><br /> “<em>It is a great pleasure to welcome Croatia into the CERN family as an Associate Member. Croatian scientists have made important contributions to a large variety of experiments at CERN for almost four decades and as an Associate Member, new opportunities open up for Croatia in scientific collaboration, technological development, education and training</em>,” said Fabiola Gianotti.<br /><br /> “<em>Croatian participation in CERN as an Associate Member is also a way to retain young and capable people in the country because they can participate in important competitive international projects, working and studying in the Croatian educational and scientific institutions that collaborate with CERN,</em>” said Blaženka Divjak.<br /><br /> Croatian scientists have been engaged in scientific work at CERN for close to 40 years. Already in the late 1970s, researchers from Croatian institutes worked on the SPS heavy-ion programme. In 1994, research groups from Split officially joined the CMS collaboration and one year later a research group from Zagreb joined the ALICE collaboration, working with Croatian industry partners to contribute to the construction of the experiments’ detectors. Scientists from Croatia have also been involved in other CERN experiments such as CAST, NA61, ISOLDE, nTOF and OPERA.<br /><br /> CERN and Croatia signed a Cooperation Agreement in 2001, setting priorities for scientific and technical cooperation. This resulted in an increased number of scientists and students from Croatia participating in CERN’s programmes, including the CERN Summer Student Programme. In May 2014, Croatia applied for Associate Membership.<br /><br /> As an Associate Member, Croatia will be entitled to participate in the CERN Council, Finance Committee and Scientific Policy Committee. Nationals of Croatia will be eligible for staff positions and Croatia’s industry will be able to bid for CERN contracts, opening up opportunities for industrial collaboration in advanced technologies.</p> <p> </p> <h3 class="field-label">Footnote(s)</h3> <div class="field-footnote footnote-item"> <p>1. CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is one of the world's leading laboratories for particle physics. The Organization is located on the French-Swiss border, with its headquarters in Geneva. Its Member States are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. Cyprus, Serbia and Slovenia are Associate Member States in the pre-stage to Membership. India, Lithuania, Pakistan, Turkey and Ukraine are Associate Member States. The European Union, Japan, JINR, the Russian Federation, UNESCO and the United States of America currently have Observer status.</p> </div></div> Thu, 28 Feb 2019 12:59:05 +0000 abha 10368 at