News for CERN Community feed en Award for Early-Career Researchers in Accelerator Science <span>Award for Early-Career Researchers in Accelerator Science</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/146" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">cmenard</span></span> <span>Fri, 04/26/2019 - 12:16</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><strong>Apply to the Simon van der Meer Award for Early-Career Researchers in Accelerator Science - deadline 27 May 2019.</strong></p> <p>The Simon van der Meer Award aims to recognise outstanding early career contributions (theoretical, experimental, computational or technical) in novel accelerator science.</p> <p>For more information and eligibility criteria, please visit the <a href="">Accelerating News page</a>. </p> </div> Fri, 26 Apr 2019 10:16:17 +0000 cmenard 10705 at 23 mai: édition 2019 de la course de relais du CERN <span>23 May: 2019 CERN Relay Race</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Wed, 04/24/2019 - 14:41</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The 2019 CERN Relay Race will take place on Thursday 23 May. As is the case every year, the race will consist of a round trip of CERN’s Meyrin site in teams of six. The registration will be open starting 2 May on the <a href="">Running Club website</a>, where you can also find full details about the event. </p> </div> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 12:06:06 +0000 camonnin 10694 at Bike to Work 2019 : la campagne redémarre ! <span>Bike to Work 2019: back in the saddle! </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Wed, 04/24/2019 - 11:51</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>In order to participate, all you need to do is find three colleagues and register your “Bike to Work” team before 1 May on this website: <a href=""></a></p> <p>There are no registration fees and no minimum distance requirement, and part of your journey can be undertaken by public transport. Not a cyclist? Not a problem. Non-cyclists can still sign up: one member of your team is permitted to travel on foot, by skateboard or by any other means of non-motorised transport. </p> <p>No time to form a team? Want to meet new people? Sign up on this <a href="">Doodle poll</a> and we will place you in a team.</p> <p>You can find detailed information on this event, as well as on “Bike to CERN”, the Organization’s own initiative that takes place all year round, on the <a href="">“Bike to Work”</a> and <a href="">“Bike to CERN”</a> web pages. </p> <p>But before leaping onto the saddle, <a href="">consult the safety rules for cycling</a> and complete the online course <a href="">Road traffic – bike riding</a>. </p> <p>Happy cycling!</p> </div> Wed, 24 Apr 2019 09:33:28 +0000 camonnin 10692 at Serbian flag raised at CERN <span>Serbian flag raised at CERN</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-byline field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item">Abha Eli Phoboo</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/146" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">cmenard</span></span> <span>Tue, 04/23/2019 - 09:49</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The Serbian flag was raised today at a ceremony on the Esplanade des Particules to mark <a href="/news/press-release/cern/serbia-joins-cern-its-23rd-member-state">the country’s accession as CERN’s 23rd Member State</a>. The ceremony was attended by the Prime Minister of the Republic of Serbia, Ana Brnabić, the President of the CERN Council, Ursula Bassler, and the CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti, together with representatives of <a href="/about/who-we-are/our-governance/member-states">CERN’s Member and Associate Member States</a> and the CERN community.</p> <p>“The 23rd of April is a great day for Serbia and its science, as the flag of the Republic of Serbia is officially hoisted in front of CERN in Geneva, marking Serbia’s accession as its 23<sup>rd</sup> full Member. This will allow our researchers to work in higher capacity and on a global level with their colleagues from CERN, while enabling our economy to participate in CERN projects on a larger scale. Membership in CERN presents Serbia in the best light, as a modern, competitive country whose economic development increasingly relies on science and innovation, driven by our young scientists and innovators,” said Ana Brnabić, Prime Minister of the Republic of Serbia.</p> <p> “This is the moment when the commitment of a new Member State becomes visible: the commitment to support fundamental science, to foster peaceful collaboration and to engage in multilateral initiatives for the benefit of all. We are pleased to raise the Serbian flag among those of our Member States,” said Ursula Bassler, President of the CERN Council.</p> <p>“It is a great pleasure to welcome Serbia to the CERN family. This day recognises the long history of <a href="">fruitful scientific cooperation between Serbia</a> and CERN, and Serbia’s commitment to fundamental research. We look forward to strengthening our collaboration in particle physics, innovation, and training and education of the young generations, with Serbia as a Member State,” said Fabiola Gianotti, CERN Director-General.</p> </div> Tue, 23 Apr 2019 07:49:53 +0000 cmenard 10689 at Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity <span>Successful tests of a cooler way to transport electricity</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-byline field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item">Camille Monnin</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Thu, 04/18/2019 - 14:52</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Like a metal python, the huge pipe snaking through a CERN high-tech hall is actually a new electrical transmission line. This superconducting line is the first of its kind and allows vast quantities of electrical current to be transported within a pipe of a relatively small diameter. Similar pipes could well be used in towns in the future.</p> <p>This 60-metre-long line has been developed for CERN’s future accelerator, the High-Luminosity LHC, which is due to come into operation in 2026. Tests began last year and the line has transported 40 000 amps. This is 20 times more than what is possible at room temperature with ordinary copper cables of a similar cross-section. The line is composed of superconducting cables made from magnesium diboride (MgB<sub>2</sub>) and offers no resistance, enabling it to transport much higher current densities than ordinary cables, without any loss. The snag is that, in order to function in a superconducting state, the cables must be cooled to a temperature of 25 K (-248°C). It is therefore placed inside a cryostat, a thermally insulated pipe in which a coolant, namely helium gas, circulates. The real achievements are the development of a new, flexible superconducting system and the use of a new superconductor (MgB<sub>2</sub>).</p> <blockquote> <p>The line is more compact and lighter than its copper equivalent, and it is cryogenically more efficient than a classical low temperature superconducting link that must be cooled to 4.5 K. </p> <p class="text-align-right">Amalia Ballarino, the project leader</p> </blockquote> <p>Having proven that such a system is feasible, at the end of March the team tested the connection to the room temperature end of the system. In the High-Luminosity LHC, these lines will connect power converters to the magnets. These converters are located at a certain distance from the accelerator. The new superconducting transmission lines, which measure up to 140 m in length, will feed several circuits and transport electrical current of up to 100 000 amps.</p> <p>“The magnesium diboride cable and the current leads that supply the magnets are connected by means of high-temperature ReBCO (rare-earth barium copper oxide) superconductors, also a challenging innovation for this type of application,” explains Amalia Ballarino.  These superconductors are called “high-temperature” because they can operate at temperatures of up to around 90 kelvins (-183 °C), as opposed to just a few kelvins in the case of classical low-temperature superconductors. They can transport very high current densities, but are very tricky to work with, hence the impressiveness of the team’s achievement.</p> <p>Tests of the line with its new connection represent an important milestone in the project, as it proves that the whole system works correctly. “We have new materials, a new cooling system and unprecedented technologies for supplying the magnets in an innovative way,” says Amalia Ballarino. </p> <p>The project has also caught the attention of the outside world. Companies are using the work done at CERN to study the possibility of using similar transmission lines (at high voltage), instead of conventional systems, to transport electricity and power over long distances. </p> <p><iframe allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="400" src=""></iframe>Credit: CERN</p> <p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="360" scrolling="no" src=";ln=fr&amp;captions=true" width="480"></iframe></p> </div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 12:52:51 +0000 camonnin 10681 at Langue des signes française disponible au Globe <span>French sign language available at the Globe </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Thu, 04/18/2019 - 14:42</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Each year, nearly 10,000 visitors of all ages and backgrounds attend an event organised as part of the programme of free and public activities at the Globe of Science and Innovation. Last February, the installation of an <strong>audio induction loop </strong>improved the accessibility of these activities to attendees who are hard-of-hearing. This system provides a magnetic wireless signal that is picked up by hearing aids when they are set to ‘T’ (Telecoil) setting.</p> <p>Building on CERN’s endeavour to increase accessibility in its public events, this spring, <strong>French Sign Language Interpretation (LSF) will be </strong>available upon request at the Globe. <strong>The first event to benefit from this service will be Philippe Lebrun's conference entitled "<em>From Bourg-en-Bresse to the stars: Jérôme Lalande, astronomer of the Enlightenment</em>" on 13<sup>th</sup>May at 8:00 p.m</strong>. Anyone wishing to use it can request it when registering on <a href=""></a>.</p> <p>The principle of accessibility prevails at the Globe. Supported by the <a href="">CERN &amp; Society Foundation</a>, this new measure is part of its efforts <em>to support and promote the dissemination, to the widest possible public, of the benefits of the mission of CERN.</em></p> </div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 12:35:06 +0000 camonnin 10680 at Call for volunteers for WOMAD and Roskilde festivals <span>Call for volunteers for WOMAD and Roskilde festivals</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Thu, 04/18/2019 - 12:13</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>CERN, in collaboration with Lancaster University and the Institute of Physics, will be returning to the <a href="">WOMAD</a> music and culture festival in the United Kingdom for a fourth year of highly successful physics outreach. This year we will also be heading out to the <a href="">Roskilde Festival </a> in Denmark for a brand new space, based on the WOMAD concept and in collaboration with the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen. </p> <p>If you are passionate about communicating your research, we would welcome you as a volunteer to be part of the CERN teams at each of these festivals. There are two ways to be involved :</p> <ul><li>Give a presentation on an exciting project or run a hands-on workshop for festival attendees to encourage them to discover and share in the excitement of scientific research. </li> <li>Be part of the team working each day welcoming the public, talking about CERN, helping in the set up and take down of the venues. </li> </ul><p>Please note that places are limited.</p> <p>We look forward to hearing from all CERN members across the Organization before 3 May 2019. Please send an email to <a href=""></a></p> </div> Thu, 18 Apr 2019 10:13:25 +0000 camonnin 10679 at Impôts en France <span>Taxation in France</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Wed, 04/17/2019 - 10:30</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>You are reminded that the Organization levies an internal tax on the financial and family benefits it pays to the members of the personnel (see Chapter V, Section 2 of the Staff Rules and Regulations) and that the members of the personnel are exempt from national taxation on salaries and emoluments paid by CERN.</p> <p>The Organization would like to remind members of the personnel that they must comply with the national legislation applicable to them, in particular for any other income they may receive (cf. Article S V 2.02 of the Staff Rules).</p> <p><strong>I - Annual internal taxation certificate for 2018</strong></p> <p>The annual certificate of internal taxation for 2018, issued by <strong>Finance and Administrative Processes Department</strong>, is available <strong>since 11 February 2019. </strong><em><strong>It is intended exclusively for the tax authorities.</strong></em></p> <ol><li>If you are currently a member of the CERN personnel you received an e-mail containing a link to your annual certificate, which you can print out if necessary. </li> <li>If you are no longer a member of the CERN personnel or are unable to access your annual certificate as indicated above, you will find information explaining how to obtain one at the following link: <a href=""></a></li> </ol><p>In case of difficulty in obtaining your annual certificate, send an e-mail explaining the problem to <a href=""></a>.</p> <p><strong>II - 2018 income tax declaration form in France</strong></p> <p>The 2018 income tax declaration form must be completed following the general indications available at the following address: <a href=""></a></p> <p class="text-align-center"><strong>IF YOU HAVE ANY SPECIFIC QUESTIONS, PLEASE CONTACT YOUR LOCAL <em>SERVICE DES IMPOTS DES PARTICULIERS</em>(SIP, PRIVATE CITIZENS’ TAX OFFICE) DIRECTLY</strong></p> <p>This information does not concern CERN pensioners, as they are no longer members of the CERN personnel and are therefore subject to the standard national legal provisions relating to taxation.</p> <p><em>HR Department</em></p> </div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 08:17:59 +0000 camonnin 10676 at Taux de change pour l'année 2018 <span>Exchange rate for 2018</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Wed, 04/17/2019 - 10:15</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>For 2018, the average annual exchange rate is <strong>EUR 0.87 for CHF 1</strong>.</p> <p><em>Human Resources Department</em></p> </div> Wed, 17 Apr 2019 08:13:51 +0000 camonnin 10675 at 950 élèves se mettent dans la peau de scientifiques <span>950 pupils in scientists’ shoes</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Thu, 04/11/2019 - 16:01</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>For 3 months, 43 teachers and over 950 pupils have tried to find out what was the content of mystery boxes, in the way CERN scientists look for invisible elementary particles. Classes from Geneva, Ain and Haute-Savoie have conducted investigations using successive hypotheses and experiments.</p> <p>Thanks to a <a class="bulletin" href="">collaborative website</a>, classes were encouraged to share their progress with each other. They also had the opportunity to visit CERN and the Physiscope.</p> <p>Some of the classes finally met one another on four final conferences organized at the Globe of Science and Innovation and in Haute-Savoie on Monday 8 April 2019. The children presented their research in the form of talks, theatre, posters and exhibition stands. They also met CERN scientists and asked them all their questions.</p> <p>Initiated in 2011, the project <em>Be a Scientist </em>is the fruit of a collaboration between University of Geneva, Département de l'Instruction Publique (Geneva) and Education nationale (France). If you are a teacher and want to participate in a future edition, visit <a class="bulletin" href="">this website</a>. </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> </div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 13:56:08 +0000 camonnin 10654 at Fermeture des restaurants CERN <span>Closure of CERN restaurants during spring 2019</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Thu, 04/11/2019 - 14:53</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><ul><li><strong>Easter weekend (from Friday, 19 April, to Monday, 22 April, included): </strong> <ul><li>NOVAE: Restaurants 1, 2 and 3 as well as cafeterias (in buildings 6, 13, 30, 54, 864 and 865) will be closed. Only the cafeteria in Building 40 will be open from 8.00 a.m. to 8.00 p.m. (including Saturday and Sunday).</li> <li>ÔDELICE : The cafeteria in Building 774 will be closed.</li> </ul></li> <li><strong>Wednesday, May 1: </strong> <ul><li>NOVAE: All points of sale (restaurants and cafeterias) will be closed except Restaurant 1, which will be open from 7.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m. </li> <li>ÔDELICE: The cafeteria in Building 774 will be open. </li> </ul></li> <li><strong>Ascension weekend (from Thursday, 30 May, to Sunday, 2 June, included): </strong> <ul><li>NOVAE: All points of sale (restaurants and cafeterias) will be closed except Restaurant 1, which will be open from 7.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m.</li> <li>ÔDELICE: The cafeteria in Building 774 will be open on Thursday, May 30. </li> </ul></li> <li><strong>Whit Monday (Monday, June 10): </strong> <ul><li>NOVAE: All points of sale (restaurants and cafeterias) will be closed except Restaurant 1, which will be open from 7.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m.</li> <li>ÔDELICE: The cafeteria in Building 774 will be open.</li> </ul></li> </ul><p>As May 8 is not an official CERN holiday, all restaurants and cafeterias will be open.</p> <p class="text-align-right"><i>Le Comité de Surveillance des Restaurants (CSR) </i></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> </div> Thu, 11 Apr 2019 08:38:41 +0000 camonnin 10652 at A new staff career development initiative <span>A new staff career development initiative</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Tue, 04/09/2019 - 10:00</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>Holding a 'Focus conversation' with the Supervisor is an opportunity for staff members to concentrate on their longer-term development perspective, reflect on their career and review personal and professional strengths. The ultimate aim is for the staff member to have a set of realistic and achievable development goals.</p> <p>Key to a successful conversation with the supervisor is the preparation. Participation in the ‘Balance’ programme by the staff member <strong>and </strong>the supervisor is a mandatory first step (2 x 1/2 day workshops). This will ensure a good understanding of the overall process and the time and personal commitment needed. </p> <p>Entering the programme is voluntary, driven by the staff member and can be initiated at any moment of the year. </p> <p>Dates and information concerning the ‘Balance’ programme are published in the CERN Learning Hub.</p> <p><a class="bulletin" href=";TX=FORMAT1&amp;BACKTOCATALOG=Y&amp;DECORATEPAGE=N">For staff</a></p> <p><a class="bulletin" href=";TX=FORMAT1&amp;BACKTOCATALOG=Y&amp;DECORATEPAGE=N">For supervisors</a></p> <p>Interested to find out more? Talk to your HRA and consult the <a class="bulletin" href="">Admin e-guide</a> for eligibility and key steps in the process.</p></div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 08:00:46 +0000 camonnin 10632 at Nouvelle procédure pour l'enregistrement des coordonnées bancaires <span>New procedure for registering bank details </span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Tue, 04/09/2019 - 09:53</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>A new EDH form entitled <a class="bulletin" href="">"Bank Details"</a> is available to members of the personnel wishing to register or modify the bank details used for the payment of their salary or any other financial benefit paid by CERN.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p><span>Detailed information can be found in the <span class="MsoHyperlink"><span><a class="bulletin" href="">Admin e-guide procedure</a></span></span>, which has been updated to reflect this change.</span></p> <p class="text-align-right"><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>FAP department</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p class="text-align-right"><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Personnel Accounting</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p class="text-align-right"><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span><span>Tel. 79257</span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></p></div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 07:50:04 +0000 camonnin 10631 at Something new for lunch: the CERN food truck <span>Something new for lunch: the CERN food truck</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/151" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">anschaef</span></span> <span>Mon, 04/08/2019 - 21:49</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>From Wednesday 10 April, a food truck will be installed on the Meyrin and Prévessin sites. This pilot project, set up in collaboration with Novae, aims to cope with the increasing demands on CERN’s restaurants, by offering a mobile and flexible catering alternative (see the menu "<em>Pause de midi</em>" below).</p> <p>The food truck will be open from 11 a.m. to 1.30 p.m. from Monday to Friday, at a different place each day (in particular in front of Building 54, at the exit of the tunnel on road Einstein, between Buildings 180 and 183, and on the car park of IdeaSquare (Building 3179) - see the map. The meeting places in Prévessin will be announced soon).</p> <p>This week, the food truck will be at IdeaSquare on Wednesday 10 April, at Building 180 on Thursday 11, and at Building 54 on Friday 12.</p> <p>It is also possible to book the food truck for specific events.</p> <p>Feel free to send us your comments by completing <a class="bulletin" href=";se=cern-catering">this form</a>.</p> </div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-news-file field--type-file field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item"><span class="file file--mime-application-pdf file--application-pdf icon-before"><span class="file-icon"><span class="icon glyphicon glyphicon-file text-primary" aria-hidden="true"></span></span><span class="file-link"><a href="" type="application/pdf; length=261821" title="Open file in new window" target="_blank">CartePauseMidi_FoodTruck.pdf</a></span><span class="file-size">255.68 KB</span></span></div> </div> Mon, 08 Apr 2019 19:49:37 +0000 anschaef 10628 at The case for future colliders <span>The case for future colliders</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-byline field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item">Eckhard Elsen &amp; Frédérick Bordry</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Mon, 04/08/2019 - 14:50</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>All that remains to be done is to dot the ‘i’s and cross the ‘t’s: that’s a recurring refrain in physics, and one that’s invariably wrong. At the dawn of the 20<sup>th</sup>century, there were those who were saying that physics was complete. Fortunately, there were others who chose to focus on the apparently innocuous clouds obscuring the contemporary theory’s horizon. Thanks to them, we now have quantum mechanics and relativity, concepts that underpin today’s physics, not to mention a raft of industries that would be impossible without them, even though quantum mechanics and relativity were literally unimaginable within the paradigm of 19<sup>th</sup>century physics. </p> <p>We’re in a similar situation today, although the clouds are somewhat bigger. After decades notching up success after success, the Standard Model rules supreme over the world of fundamental particles. Discoveries such as that of the top quark in 1995 fit precisely into the theory like pieces in a jig-saw puzzle.</p> <p>The discovery of the Higgs boson was different. Paradoxically, it was both the crowning achievement of the Standard Model, and the biggest cloud to rain on its parade. We know the Standard Model is incomplete; the discovery of the Higgs introduced us to a range of fundamental forces hitherto unprobed. It’s for this reason that we need to plan for a future collider to pick up the reins when the LHC reaches the end of its lifetime in the second half of the 2030s. The discovery of the Higgs is simultaneously the end of one journey, and the start of another. Just as Galileo could not have anticipated where his innovation would lead when he perfected the telescope, we cannot predict where future colliders will take us in terms of bringing new knowledge. Then as now, one thing is certain: such innovations lead to great rewards. </p> <p>The telescope is a fitting comparison, since today the fields of particle physics and cosmology are inextricably intertwined. They increasingly address the same questions from opposite ends of the distance scale. If we are to ensure that humankind’s centuries-old voyage of scientific discovery in fundamental physics does not come to an end, we need a globally coordinated effort with a diversified experimental programme ranging from particle physics to observational cosmology, astroparticle physics and beyond. In this mix, high-energy particle colliders will remain an indispensable ingredient. CERN, and European physics have always been in the vanguard of accelerator science, and have much to offer to the field as we move beyond the LHC era. The future of fundamental physics needs colliders as much as ever, and that’s why this update of the European strategy for particle physics is so important.</p> </div> Mon, 08 Apr 2019 12:50:18 +0000 camonnin 10624 at CERN unveils its Science Gateway project <span>CERN unveils its Science Gateway project</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/146" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">cmenard</span></span> <span>Mon, 04/08/2019 - 09:17</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-caption field--type-string-long field--label-hidden field--item">Artistic view of the Science Gateway. (Image: RPBW)</div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p><a href="/about/who-we-are">CERN</a> is launching the <a href="">Science Gateway</a>, a new scientific education and outreach centre targeting the general public of all ages. The building will be designed by world-renowned architects, Renzo Piano Building Workshop. The project will be funded through external donations, with the leading contribution coming from FCA Foundation, a charitable foundation created by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Construction is planned to start in 2020 and to be completed in 2022.</p> <p>As part of its mission to educate and engage the public in science, and to <a href="/about/what-we-do/our-impact">share knowledge and technology with society</a>, CERN is launching the Science Gateway, a new facility for scientific education and outreach. The purpose of the project is to create a hub of scientific education and culture to inspire younger generations with the beauty of science. Aimed at engaging audiences of all ages, the Science Gateway will include inspirational exhibition spaces, laboratories for hands-on scientific experiments for children and students from primary to high-school level, and a large amphitheatre to host science events for experts and non-experts alike.</p> <p>With a footprint of 7000 square metres, the iconic Science Gateway building will offer a variety of spaces and activities, including exhibitions explaining the <a href="/science/physics">secrets of nature</a>, from the very small (elementary particles) to the very large (the structure and evolution of the universe). The exhibitions will also feature CERN’s <a href="/science/accelerators">accelerators</a>, <a href="/science/experiments">experiments</a> and <a href="/science/computing">computing</a>, how scientists use them in their exploration and how CERN technologies benefit society. Hands-on experimentation will be a key ingredient in the Science Gateway’s educational programme, allowing visitors to get first-hand experience of what it’s like to be a scientist. The immersive activities available in the Science Gateway will foster critical thinking, evidence-based assessment and use of the scientific method, important tools in all walks of life.</p> <p>“The Science Gateway will enable CERN to expand significantly its education and outreach offering for the general public, in particular the younger generations. We will be able to share with everybody the fascination of exploring and learning how matter and the universe work, the advanced technologies we need to develop in order to build our ambitious instruments and their impact on society, and how science can influence our daily life,” says CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti. “I am deeply grateful to the donors for their crucial support in the fulfilment of this beautiful project.”</p> <p>The overall cost of the Science Gateway is estimated at 79 million Swiss Francs, entirely funded through donations. As of today, 57 million Swiss Francs have been already secured, allowing construction to start on schedule, thanks in particular to a very generous contribution of 45 million Swiss Francs from the FCA Foundation, which will support the project as it advances through the construction phases.</p> <p>Other donors include a private foundation in Geneva and <em>Loterie Romande</em>, which distributes its profits to public utility projects in various areas including research, culture and social welfare. CERN is looking for additional donations in order to cover the full cost of the project.</p> <p>John Elkann, Chairman of FCA and the FCA Foundation, said: “The new Science Gateway will satisfy the curiosity of 300 000 visitors every year – including many researchers and students, but also children and their families – providing them with access to tools that will help them understand the world and improve their lives, whatever career paths they eventually choose. At FCA we’re delighted to be supporting this project as part of our social responsibility which also allows us to honour the memory of Sergio Marchionne: in an open and stimulating setting, it will teach us how we can work successfully together, even though we may have diverse cultures and perspectives, to discover the answers to today’s big questions and to those of tomorrow.”</p> <p>As part of the educational portfolio of the Science Gateway, CERN and FCA Foundation will develop a programme for schools, with the advice of Fondazione Agnelli. The main goal will be to transmit concepts of science and technology in an engaging way, in order to encourage students to pursue careers in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics).</p> <p>According to the approach of enquiry-based learning, students will be involved in hands-on educational modules and experiments in physics. Special kits will be delivered to classes, containing all necessary materials and instructions to run modules throughout the school year. As a follow-up, classes will be invited to take part in a contest, with the winners awarded a two- or three-day visit to the Science Gateway and CERN. There will be an initial period of experimentation, with a pilot programme in Italy focusing on junior high schools and involving up to 550 000 students. After the pilot, CERN plans to extend this initiative to all its <a href="/about/who-we-are/our-governance/member-states">Member States</a>.</p> <p>The Science Gateway will be hosted in a new, iconic building, designed by world-renowned architects Renzo Piano Building Workshop, on CERN’s Meyrin site adjacent to another of CERN’s iconic buildings, the <a href="">Globe of Science and Innovation</a>. The vision for the Science Gateway is inspired by the fragmentation and curiosity already intrinsic to the nature of the CERN site and buildings, so it is made up of multiple elements, embedded in a green forest and interconnected by a bridge spanning the main road leading to Geneva. “It’s a place where people will meet,” says Renzo Piano. “Kids, students, adults, teachers and scientists, everybody attracted by the exploration of the Universe, from the infinitely vast to the infinitely small. It is a bridge, in the metaphorical and real sense, and a building fed by the energy of the sun, nestling in the midst of a newly grown forest.”</p> <p>Also inspired by CERN’s unique facilities, such as the <a href="/science/accelerators/large-hadron-collider">Large Hadron Collider (LHC)</a>, the world’s largest particle accelerator, the architecture of the Science Gateway celebrates the inventiveness and creativity that characterise the world of research and engineering. Architectural elements such as tubes that seem to be suspended in space evoke the cutting-edge technology underpinning the most advanced research that is furthering our understanding of the origins of the universe.</p> <p>A bridge over the Route de Meyrin will dominate the <a href="/news/press-release/cern/esplanade-des-particules-cerns-new-official-address">brand-new Esplanade des Particules</a> and symbolise the inseparable link between science and society. Construction is planned to start in 2020 and be completed in 2022.</p> <p><strong>About FCA Foundation</strong><br /> The FCA Foundation, the charitable arm of FCA, supports charitable organizations and initiatives that help empower people, build strong, resilient communities and generate meaningful and measurable societal impacts particularly in the field of education.</p> <p><strong>About FCA</strong><br /> Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) is a global automaker that designs, engineers, manufactures and sells vehicles in a portfolio of brands including Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Dodge, Fiat, Fiat Professional, Jeep®, Lancia, Ram and Maserati. It also sells parts and services under the Mopar name and operates in the components and production systems sectors under the Comau and Teksid brands. FCA employs nearly 200 000 people around the globe. For more information regarding FCA, please visit <a href=""></a>.</p> <p><strong>About RPBW</strong><br /> The Renzo Piano Building Workshop (RPBW) was established in 1981 by Renzo Piano with offices in Genoa, Italy and Paris, France. The practice has since expanded and now also operates from New York.</p> <p>RPBW is led by ten partners, including founder and Pritzker Prize laureate, architect Renzo Piano. The practice permanently employs about 130 architects together with a further 30 support staff including 3D-visualisation artists, model makers, archivers, administrative and secretarial staff.<br /> RPBW has successfully undertaken and completed over 140 projects around the world.</p> <p>Currently, among the main projects in progress are: the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles; the École normale supérieure Paris-Saclay; and the GES 2 Center for the Arts in Moscow.</p> <p>Major projects already completed include: the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris; the Kanak Cultural Center in Nouméa, New Caledonia; the Beyeler Foundation Museum in Basel; the New York Times Building in New York; the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco; the Chicago Art Institute expansion in Chicago, Illinois; The Shard in London; Columbia University’s Manhattanville development project in New York City; the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York; the Valletta City Gate in Malta; the Stavros Niarchos Cultural Center in Athens; the New Paris Courthouse and others throughout the world.</p> <p>Exhibitions of Renzo Piano and RPBW’s works have been held in many cities worldwide, including at the Royal Academy of Arts in London in 2018.<br /> The Science Gateway involves Renzo Piano Building Workshop, architects, in collaboration with Brodbeck Roulet Architectes Associés (Geneva)<br /> Design team: A.Belvedere, L.Piazza (partner and associate in charge)<br /> Consultants: Arup / EDMS (structure); Transsolar (sustainability); SRG (MEP); Müller BBM (acoustics); Emmer Pfenninger (façades); Changement à vue (A/V, heater equipment); Arup (lighting); Charpente Concept (fire prevention); Atelier Descombes Rampini (landscaping)</p> <p><strong>About Fondazione Agnelli</strong><br /> The Fondazione Agnelli is an independent, non-profit research organisation in the fields of human and social sciences, established in 1966 and named after founder of Fiat, the Senator Giovanni Agnelli. Its mission is <em>“to further understanding of change in contemporary society in Italy and in Europe”.</em> Since 2008 the Fondazione’s focus is on education, as a powerful lever for an individual’s fulfilment, an important channel of social mobility, and a key factor for a country’s economic growth and social cohesiveness. It runs wide ranging studies to improve the Italian education system, works with schools to renew the teaching methodologies, and helps families in the school choice. <a href=""></a></p> </div> Mon, 08 Apr 2019 07:17:10 +0000 cmenard 10622 at LS2 Report: SPS receives major facelift for new beam dump <span>LS2 Report: SPS receives major facelift for new beam dump</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-byline field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item">Achintya Rao</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/34" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">achintya</span></span> <span>Tue, 04/09/2019 - 11:46</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-list-cds field--type-cerncdsmedia field--label-hidden field--item"><figure class="cds-image" data-record-id="2670718" data-filename="_DSC3704" id="CERN-HOMEWEB-PHO-2019-037-1"> <a href="//" title="View on CDS"> <img alt="The new SPS beam dump and the cavern in which it will be placed" src="//"/> </a> <figcaption> The SPS will receive a new beam dump after LS2, placed in the old cavern of the UA1 experiment. <span> (Image: CERN)</span> </figcaption> </figure></div> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The <a href="/science/accelerators/super-proton-synchrotron">Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS)</a> is undergoing an overdue overhaul. Its beam dump, which was previously at point 1 of the SPS, will be replaced by a new one located across the ring at SPS point 5. The new beam dump being constructed requires extensive civil-engineering work to house and operate it, which is one of the primary tasks for the SPS team during the <a href="/tags/long-shutdown-2">second long shutdown</a> (LS2) of <a href="/science/accelerators/accelerator-complex">CERN’s accelerator complex</a>.</p> <p>When a beam of protons or heavy ions accelerating through the SPS needs to be brought to a stop, it is redirected into a beam dump that absorbs the particle beam, terminating its flight. “We need a bigger dump for the SPS due to the higher energies of circulating particles following the LHC Injector Upgrade (LIU) project,” explains Jonathan Meignan, who is coordinating the project to replace the SPS beam dump. After scouting for a suitable location, it was decided to install the new beam dump at an opposite point in the SPS ring, where there is sufficient space for the dump and the additional infrastructure it needs.</p> <figure class="cds-image" id="CERN-HOMEWEB-PHO-2019-037-2"><a href="//" title="View on CDS"><img alt=",Accelerators" src="//" /></a> <figcaption>Jonathan Meignan in front of part of the shielding for the new SPS beam dump<span> (Image: Achintya Rao/CERN)</span></figcaption></figure><p>The task is however a difficult one, involving several related works. The underground cavern that will house the new beam dump, known as ECX5, was the location of the erstwhile <a href="/science/experiments/ua1">UA1 detector</a>, which discovered the <a href="/science/physics/w-boson-sunshine-and-stardust">W</a> and <a href="/science/physics/z-boson">Z</a> bosons in 1983 when the SPS was operated as a proton–antiproton collider. It will need to be drastically modified to incorporate the services needed for the modifications to the SPS. For example, the transport zone next to the SPS tubes, which is used by both personnel and equipment, will have to be rerouted so it skirts the voluminous beam dump and its large shielding. The SPS tunnel will therefore undergo digging to widen a section of it by about one metre to accommodate the new shape of the transport zone.</p> <p>Kicker magnets, which are responsible for deflecting the travelling particles into the dump-bound trajectories, have to be installed in Long Straight Section 5 of the SPS leading up to the beam dump. “To prepare for this installation, the beamlines within LSS5 had to be completely removed,” remarks Meignan. Simultaneously with this removal, an intense decabling campaign was conducted to free space for the new cables. More than 135 km of obsolete cables were removed, notes Meignan. New cables, including high-voltage cables for the kickers, have been installed, snaking all the way from LSS5 to the service cavern adjacent to ECX5, where their instrumentation and control systems will be located.</p> <p>The crane suspended from the roof of ECX5, which can be used to move the large blocks making up the beam dump, has been upgraded as well. “The crane was fitted with cameras during the last year-end technical stop,” says Meignan, “and equipped for remote control from the service cavern, to minimise the radiation exposure of the operators.”</p> <p>As of early April, ECX5 has been isolated from the rest of the SPS to conduct these civil-engineering activities, which are expected to be finished in December. At the same time, the dump and its shielding, which is made of steel, concrete and marble surrounding the inner core, is being assembled on the surface above its future home. In the new year, the beamline will be reconnected and the dump will be installed before being commissioned.</p> <p>We will return to the SPS and its many LS2 activities in a future report.</p> </div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 09:46:57 +0000 achintya 10634 at CMS tightens its net around muons <span>CMS tightens its net around muons</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-byline field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item">Anaïs Schaeffer</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/151" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">anschaef</span></span> <span>Tue, 04/09/2019 - 16:02</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>For the <a href="">CMS experiment</a>, Long Shutdown 2 (LS2) is like very prolonged open heart surgery. The main goal is to improve the detector’s performance, thanks to innovative, customised components.</p> <p>In the outermost layer of the CMS detector, new instruments called GEM (gas electron multiplier) detectors will be installed in order to detect muons that scatter at an angle of around 10° in relation to the beam axis. Measuring muons so close to the beam axis is very challenging due to the high number of particles coming from collisions in that area. Muons at higher angles are already covered by different detector technologies in CMS.</p> <p>GEM chambers comprise a thin, metal-clad polymer foil, which is chemically pierced with millions of holes, typically 50 to 100 per square millimetre. Three of these foils combined with two electrodes make up a detector. When the muons pass through, the gas within the detector is ionised and releases electrons. These electrons drift towards the holes, where they cause an avalanche of electrons under a very strong electric field. “The electrons that we collect are not necessarily connected to the passage of a muon,” explains Michele Bianco, technical coordinator for the GEM detectors in the framework of the CMS upgrade project. “To make sure that we really are dealing with a muon, we have to locate its track in the other CMS subdetectors.” GEM detectors are, in a manner of speaking, like a piece of a puzzle. Without all the pieces, it’s impossible to know what the whole puzzle represents.</p> <p>The GEM detector project for the CMS upgrade is the work of a collaboration of around 40 institutes, with by far the largest contribution coming from doctoral students and postdocs. Detector production sites located all over the world, namely in Belgium, Germany, India, Italy, Pakistan and the United States and at CERN, produced the 144 detector modules and their electronic components. Several training sessions for the external teams were held at CERN. “Kits” containing the individual pieces of the modules were then sent to the various institutes. Electronic boards, currently under production and testing at collaborating institutes, will soon arrive at CERN, where they will be integrated with the modules.</p> <p>All the detectors have now been assembled and the team in charge of the project is working inside the CMS detector to prepare to install the chambers. “We need to install the chambers, but also the associated infrastructure, such as the gas, electricity and cooling distribution systems,” explains Michele Bianco. “We also plan to install the infrastructure required for the 288 future chambers that will be installed during the 2021-2022 technical stop. Then, during Long Shutdown 3 (between 2024 and 2026), 216 more modules will be added.”</p> <p>Nearly 650 new detector modules will search for the muons that will be produced in CMS’s very forward region in the High-Luminosity LHC (<a href="">HL-LHC</a>) era. The “new” accelerator will produce between five and ten times more collisions than the LHC. We can expect a fruitful muon hunt.</p> </div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 14:02:44 +0000 anschaef 10635 at Le premier aimant de FAIR livré au CERN pour y être testé <span>The first FAIR magnet delivered for testing at CERN</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-byline field--type-entity-reference field--label-hidden field--items"> <div class="field--item">Camille Monnin</div> </div> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Thu, 04/04/2019 - 12:18</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>CERN puts its expertise at the service of other accelerators around the world. A few weeks ago, an unusually large package passed through CERN's gates: a set of two magnets weighing a total of 27 tonnes crossed the site to Building 180.</p> <p>These magnets are the first to be tested as part of an agreement between CERN and GSI Darmstadt. About sixty will follow over the next five years. They are intended for the German laboratory's new particle separator (Super-FRS), a key component of the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) for the study of exotic nuclei.</p> <p>GSI will use CERN's expertise to validate these magnets. Three test benches, with a cryogenics system, have been specially set up. The new infrastructure is unconventional in that it must accommodate 7-metre-long magnets, weighing up to 60 tonnes and with large apertures, measuring up to 380 mm in diameter (for comparison, the LHC dipole magnets have an aperture of 56 mm in diameter). CERN and GSI have prepared the test facility and test devices and are working together on the commissioning. CERN will continue to provide technical support until the completion of the testing campaign.</p> <p>The magnets that will pass through CERN will be either multiplets (sets of several magnets) or dipoles. "We will validate a total of 32 multiplets and 24 dipoles," says Lisette Van Den Boogaard, project manager at CERN. </p> <p>The multiplet arrangement makes the tests more complex. "Each magnet of the multiplet must first be tested alone, then the magnets must be tested together to evaluate their interactions”, say Hans Müller, superconducting magnets manager at GSI, and Kei Sugita, testing project manager at GSI.</p> <p>During the next 18 months, two multiplets and one dipole will be delivered and tested at CERN. The magnets will then arrive at the rate of one every two to three weeks until 2023. The Super-FRS accelerator should be operational by 2025.</p> <p>"The test facility will subsequently be suitable for other tests and will serve the vast community of physicists," concludes Lisette Van Den Boogaard.</p> </div> Thu, 04 Apr 2019 10:12:57 +0000 camonnin 10610 at Talented participants in the "For Women in Science" programme visit CERN <span>Talented participants in the &quot;For Women in Science&quot; programme visit CERN</span> <span><span lang="" about="/user/7476" typeof="schema:Person" property="schema:name" datatype="">camonnin</span></span> <span>Tue, 04/09/2019 - 10:40</span> <div class="field field--name-field-p-news-display-body field--type-text-long field--label-hidden field--item"><p>The L’Oréal-UNESCO <em>For Women in Science </em>programme promotes the careers of women in science by awarding grants to talented young scientists. Six of them were invited to come to CERN: Zohra Dhouafli from Tunisia (neuroscience and biochemistry), Menattallah Elserafy from Egypt (molecular biology and genetics), Biola María Javierre Martínez from Spain (genomics), Priscilla Kolibea Mante from Ghana (neuroscience), Mika Nomoto from Japan (molecular biology and phytopathology) and Nurcan Tuncbag from Turkey (bioinformatics). They were joined by Karen Hallberg from Argentina, an expert in condensed matter and winner of the 2019 L’Oréal-UNESCO <em>For Women in Science </em>award.</p> </div> Tue, 09 Apr 2019 08:40:52 +0000 camonnin 10633 at