A new Europe-based flagship neutrino experiment potential opens by exploiting a unique opportunity effectively hidden in the Chooz nuclear reactor site (France). The SuperChooz project’s birth is tied to the dismantling of the EDF Chooz-A nuclear reactor complex. Built around the 60s and unknown to most scientists, the Chooz-A site offers an underground volume of up to 50,000m3 available for neutrino fundamental science using the EDF Chooz-B two most powerful N4-EPR nuclear reactors located at about 1km away. The combination embodies the third generation of possible fundamental science at Chooz — Europe’s most renowned site for reactor neutrino research — while this time detectors may reach a scale comparable to the world's largest neutrino detector, such as the SuperKamiokande in Japan. The main experimental challenge is the site’s shallow overburden (~100m) demanding the use of the novel LiquidO technology (web: https://liquido.ijclab.in2p3.fr), originally pioneered around 2012 by the CNRS (France) and now led by the homonymous international consortium. The new detection methodology heralds the unprecedented active background rejection needed, including detection capabilities beyond reactor neutrinos only. Indeed, SuperChooz’s physics programme is designed to yield some of the world's most precise measurements that can additionally probe a few of the most insightful building-block symmetries of the Standard Model thus enabling unique discovery potential. SuperChooz programme also offers synergy potential allowing to boost the sensitivities of other world neutrinos flagship experiments, such as DUNE (US), JUNO (China) and HyperKamiokande (Japan).
The potential exploitation of the Chooz-A site for fundamental science is in active discussion between CNRS and EDF since 2018, upon the completion of the Double Chooz experiment, whose results grant vast data-based knowledge for the accurate design of SuperChooz. The neutrino reactor-based first physics studies were released at the EPS-HEP-2019 conference (Ghent, Belgium). As of September 2022, CNRS and EDF signed the cooperation agreement officially starting the so-called SuperChooz Pathfinder era to address the project technical feasibility assessment by 2028. Moreover, the approved AntiMatter-OTech project, funded by the EU-EIC (France, Germany, Spain) and UKRI (UK), will address the specific LiquidO’s performance demonstration within the same time scale while establishing a new experiment in fundamental physics called νCLOUD at Chooz, including the direct participation of EDF in neutrino-based innovation for the first time. This seminar embodies the first release of the SuperChooz to the international community and will be followed by several publications.
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