CERN Courier Sep/Oct 2022
Welcome to the digital edition of the September/October 2022 issue of CERN Courier.
Born at CERN in the late 1980s for the design of state-of-the-art accelerators, “Molflow” has become the industry standard for ultra-high vacuum simulations. The open-source code is used, among others, by satellite firms, fusion researchers, synchrotron X-ray facilities and the space sector – with a recent collaboration between CERN and NASA initiated to develop contamination-free vacuum equipment for its Mars 2020 and SPHEREx missions (p25).
The knowledge transfer from particle physics to other fields is a theme of this issue. We explore the status of the future space-based gravitational-wave detector LISA (p51), with which the CERN vacuum group has recently entered a collaboration, and of SLAC’s upgraded X-ray free-electron laser, LCLS-II, which rests on a collaborative effort involving Fermilab, JLab, DESY, KEK and other centres. Cutting-edge accelerator technologies are also the engine for next-generation radiotherapy tools (p9), while IAEA’s first International Conference on Accelerators for Research and Sustainable Development (p23) highlighted the numerous applications of accelerators in wider society.
Also in the new issue: nuclear clocks (p32); forward physics at CMS (p45); high-efficiency klystrons (p9); Webb’s first images (p11); a bumper meeting-reports section (p18), how to become a CERN guide (p55); Science for Peace (p49); and much more.